Overview of risk factors to be considered in the new prevention of difficulties account
mar., 03 févr. 2015 11:25:00 +0100
Decree N° 2014-1156 relating to the acquisition and use of points acquired in a perrsonal high-risk prevention account, was published on 10 October 2014 in the Official Journal and became effective on 1st January. This measure must allow employees exposed to one or more risk factors to gain points in their high-risk prevention account. These points may thereafter be used to reduce work time without salary reduction (part-time employment), to anticipate retirement or for retraining.
The high-risk prevention account anticipates ten risk factors (to which minimum annual exposure thresholds are associated): each employee exposed to at least one factor over the fixed threshold, and for which the term of the employment contract is greater than or equal to one month, must be declared by the employer. Four of these factors are in effect for high-risk prevention accounts as of 1st January 2015. The six other factors will be effective as of 1st January 2016.
The four factors effective in 2015 are the following:
1) Night work. The exposure threshold is set at one hour of night work between midnight and 5 am, for a minimal duration of 120 nights per year;
2) Repetitive work. This is characterised by repetition of the same gesture, at a forced pace, whether or not imposed by the automatic movement of a part or by the return of the part within a defined time cycle. Two scenarios set the thresholds for characterisation of this risk factor: (1) a time cycle less than or equal to one minute; (2) 30 or more technical movements per minute with a time cycle greater than 1 minute. The minimum duration is set at 900 hours per year.
3) Work in a hyperbaric environment. This factor relates to interventions or work undertaken at a pressure lower than 1200 hectopascals. The minimum duration is of 60 interventions or works per year;
4) Successively alternating team shift work. This relates to successively alternating team work involving a minimum of one hour of activity between midnight and 5am during a minimum term of 50 nights per year.
The six other high-risk factors coming into effective on 1st January 2016 are: painful postures, manual handling of loads, dangerous chemical agents including dust and smoke, mechanical vibrations, extreme temperatures and noise.
An employee exposed to a high-risk factor (under common law conditions as exceptions exist) will acquire four points per year and eight if she/he is submitted to several factors. Three constraints govern utilisation of the points: (1) the obligation for their consumption in segments of ten points; (2) a global ceiling of 100 points; (3) the requirement to set aside the first 20 points acquired for professional training.
For more information regarding the high-risk prevention account, please consult site web www.preventionpenibilite.fr, or call 3682. More information may also be found on the dedicated page for retirement reform on the government site.